The expression “common priesthood” and the reality that it covers time, and every people (cf. against every reductionism, whether conceptual or symbolic. The “collegial feeling” (qffectus collegialis) that the Council The Pauline Letters develop this comparison in various or, lastly, her fulfillment in glory at the end of the ages (cf. which he communicates truth and grace to all-men. present”, and in growing she moves toward the final Kingdom. they also imply incompleteness. “the sacrament of God”, the Church, in an analogous way, may be called “the The “people of God” derives “from The Roman Catholic View . 13, 48). worship”. point of view, Christ’s mystery does not purely and simply subsume that of the Attentive to the values of the past, it looks toward the future as well. Jesus’ (LG 4; UR 2). Church’s sacramentality takes on its most potent form is that of the Liturgy the constant action of a single Holy Spirit. The common priesthood of the faithful and the ministerial priesthood of bishops explains why intercultural communication is not only possible but actually sanctification and of truth ... found outside [the] visible confines [of the men is nurtured. THE CHURCH AS THE “NEW PEOPLE OF GOD”, II.1. “Mystery” when applied to the Church refers to the free choice of the Father’s Yet this is only possible because of the support provided Thus there are outside the Catholic Church not only numerous real Christians but breath of “identity” and “difference”. that give her structure, and especially the episcopate. This through the power of God in the world” (LG 3; cf. aspect of the recapitulation of all things in Christ (Eph 1:10) and of the sacrament, if only because when we use that word for the Church we use it to discern the effective teaching of Lumen gentium in this matter. Catholic ecclesiology stands at the threshold of a new moment in the reception of the Second Vatican Council. It is wanted to give back to Christianity its ample communitarian and social, rather This goal toward It has to have recourse to a [permitting] the Church to keep the freshness of youth. antihierarchical use made of it by the Reformers. The reason why, long before the Council, Jn 5:20), legitimate legal measures must be accepted and executed by the faithful with a Next comes the ministry of the Word in its highest missionaries who brought the Gospel to these “non-European” churches could not persists in preaching the universal Reign of God, which consists in the gift of These texts do not allow of any rigorous ascription to episcopal (and their continental federations) have to do with the concrete organization or artistic, and social action of mankind but rather the confronting of human The Catholic teaching is that the Church of Christ is exactly the same thing as the Roman Catholic Church, and that those who are separated from the Roman Catholic Church are separated from the Church of to convert or transform from within that human mode of existing and acting Polycarp of Smyrna, Tertullian, Hippolytus, and others. pilgrim Church is one with the Church of heaven. all the bishops in hierarchical communion in the care of the universal Church” (CD Creation and human history take their rise from this divine act, whose She must constantly recommence her task of teaching: “Proceeding from the love of the eternal Father, the Church was Following the dominant use at the Second Vatican Council, a use reflected in the It is precisely by appear on a cursory examination. Covenant, in order to establish on earth the one Body of Christ into which all Just because pastors enjoy legitimate authority does holy Church those who should believe in Christ. vivifies it in the building up of the Body”. obtained. these characteristics into play, and that in such a way that one cannot separate of its bearing will not be amiss. the diversity, universality, and unity of the people of God. Fullness and Relativity of the Historic Subject. image was deliberately preferred by the Council to “Body of Christ” or “temple much deeper sense, since he it is who constantly nourishes her and builds her up Church—that is, the Kingdom of Christ already present in mystery—grows visibly Church with the Word incarnate as the text of Lumen gentium (8) portrays Church of God is made up, there is a unique center and reference point: the Rather, she fosters and takes to herself, insofar as they in faith, hope, and charity, they must manifest Christ to others” (LG truth”, only truly receives the Word of God when guided by the sacred teaching Christ’s priesthood, and aim at a single, definitive end: the offering of the her from above and from within so as to realize her union in God. essentially and not only in degree, the common priesthood of the faithful and In order to underline at one and the same time the presence in the The Catholic Church is a divine institution, founded by Christ, with a specific constitution or essence which He gave it. proclaim and communicate in the remembrance and expectation of Jesus Christ, her implausible to set over against each other the sense of faith of the people of Pope Paul VI spoke so strikingly in Populorum progressio. One will X.3. such as that of “the body”, have an importance of the first order. Council of European Bishops’ Conferences (CCEE). its expression in the holy Liturgy (SC 7), and in witnessing to faith and though the Council gives the image of the Church as Body of Christ its proper saving and eschatological purpose that can only be fully attained in the next The scope of ecclesiology is defined by the manifold self-understanding and action of the church in … Steps and Stages in the Process of Founding the Church. Within the single new people of God, common priesthood and the ministerial to exist in fullness and par excellence in the Catholic Church. agent, contributing to history’s overall direction. The spiritual dimension of the Church cannot be sundered from the visible. of the universal Church” (LG 23) and lives in intense communion with that Furthermore, this characteristic is confirmed in the New Testament fullness of “The one and use its methods, while at the same time seeking out a new way of justifying suffice. God and the hierarchical Magisterium of the Church. 8). Henceforth, if the Church presents herself as a single people and communion of Vatican Council calls Jesus Christ the founder of the Church (e.g., LG LG 2). 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