, (Professional research for a general audience), L’histoire du soldat, or, The soldier’s tale by Igor Stravinsky. A Swiss financier and amateur clarinetist from Winterthur, Werner Reinhart, paid for the entire production. L’histoire du soldat remains one of Stravinsky’s best-loved pieces, whether performed as a drama, a concert suite, or a trio. The music is scored for a septet of violin, double bass, clarinet, bassoon, cornet (often played on trumpet), trombone, and percussion, and the story is told by three actors: the soldier, the devil, and a narrator, who also takes on the roles of minor characters. He deliberately loses all his money and wins back his fiddle. You have no right to share He replaces a credulous and clueless soldier with Eddie Slovik, podrtrayed as a wisecracking cynic. Stravinsky provided literal French translations of Russian texts. L'Histoire du soldat (The Soldier's Tale) is a theatrical work "to be read, played, and danced" (lue, jouée et dansée) by three actors and one or several dancers, accompanied by a septet of instruments. Butler Dance, Music and Theatre present the world premiere of a new staging of Stravinsky's The Soldier's Tale. The libretto relates the parable of a soldier who trades his fiddle to the devil in return for unlimited economic gain. The premiere was at the New York State Theater, Lincoln Center on 30 January 1981 with the original cast consisting of Darci Kistler, Kyra Nichols, Ib Andersen, Heather Watts, Jean-Pierre Frohlich, Victor Castelli, Bart Cook, and Daniel Duell. The princess is miraculously resurrected by the music, and begins to dance. Later, the soldier decides to go visit his mother. His landlord, the young Swiss conductor Ernest Ansermet, introduced him to Swiss author Charles-Ferdinand Ramuz. Stravinsky portrait. Three performances there went badly. Musicians, actors, and stage hands all came down with it. Quarter Note = 52" and more. Deux, c'est comme s'ils n'existaient plus. Für den Theatertext benutzte Ramuz zwei Geschichten aus einer Sammlung russischer Märchen von Alexander Afanassjew. According to the musicologist Danick Trottier, these influences are linked to a certain extent to Stravinsky’s experiences and first successes in the cosmopolitan Paris of the early 1910s since the capital of France was a confluence point for a variety of artists and musicians during La Belle Époque.[10]. C'est défendu. He had to write on a small scale. Conceived by Igor Stravinsky and Swiss writer C. F. Ramuz, the piece was based on a Russian folk tale drawn from the collection of Alexander Afanasyev called The Runaway Soldier and the Devil. The devil sneaks up on Joseph from behind and startles him. [5][6] Reinhart continued his support of Stravinsky's work in 1919 by funding a series of concerts of his recent chamber music. He composed 11 musical numbers: Stravinsky had recently bought some jazz sheet music. In … Joseph then realizes the book contains events that happen in the future. Soldier’s tale. For accompaniment he chose seven instruments: violin, double bass, clarinet, bassoon, cornet, trombone, and percussion. Concert Suite: 1920, London, conducted by Ernest Ansermet. He deliberately loses all his money and wins back his fiddle. "The Soldier's Tale" redirects here. You must learn to choose between. [3], Stravinsky was assisted greatly in the production of the work by the Swiss philanthropist Werner Reinhart. ("Marche du soldat"/"The Soldier's March") He rests by a stream and rummages through his pack. "Tonal Ambiguities as a Constructive Force in the Language of Stravinsky". Reinhart sponsored and largely underwrote the premiere. Stream songs including "Movements for Piano and Orchestra: I. Eighth Note = 110", "Movements for Piano and Orchestra: II. For the unrelated 1988 movie, see, Stephen Walsh, "The composer, the antiquarian and the go-between: Stravinsky and the Rosenthals, Susan Halpern, "Recital Notes for January 29, 2008" from, "1918. Common soldier. Stravinsky: The Soldier's Tale. This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 05:49. Narrated version: Montreal Festivals, 1949. He takes some things out to sell to Joseph: first, a lucky medallion; next, a mirror; then, a photograph of a woman; finally, a fiddle. "La musique dans l'Histoire du soldat". Staged version: Stratford Shakespearean Festival, 1955: directed by Douglas Campbell. Vaccaro, Jean-Michel. Das Werk wurde geschrieben für eine Wanderbühne, bestehend aus einem Vorleser, zwei Schauspielern, einer Tänzerin und sieben Musikern. The original French text by Ramuz has been translated into English by Michael Flanders and Kitty Black, and into German by Hans Reinhart [de].[2]. The audience also enjoyed it. Public domain from Wikimedia Commons Except he substituted one of his favorite instruments, the bassoon, for the more authentic saxophone. He never in his life got a real feel for jazz, but he insisted that jazz had influenced how he conceived L’histoire du soldat. In Igor Stravinsky: Life and career …on Russian folk idioms, while The Soldier’s Tale (1918), a mixed-media piece using speech, mime, and dance accompanied by a seven-piece band, eclectically incorporates ragtime, tango, and other modern musical idioms in a series of highly infectious instrumental movements. L’Histoire du soldat shows how Stravinsky was able to incorporate a wide range of influences into his own musical idiom: the pasodoble in “Marche royale”/“The Royal March”; the three dances “Tango – Valse – Ragtime” played by Joseph to heal the princess; klezmer music in the instrumentation and textures; Luther’s Ein feste Burg in “Petit choral”/“Little Chorale”; Bach in “Grand choral”/“Great Chorale”. Bridgehampton Chamber Music Festival Musicians, Roger Waters (narrator) Two, is as if they had never been. ("Petit concert"/"The Little Concert") He triumphantly marches into the princess' chambers and starts to play another tune. Finally, he arrives at his fiancée's house only to see her with her husband and children. No. The popular cliché of the starving artist came too close to home for him when World War One broke out. Slovik deserted from the American army at the end of World War Two. There would be three actors (the soldier, the devil, and a narrator) and a non-speaking dancer. )[clarification needed Mozart's "Der Schauspieldirektor"? L'Histoire du soldat (The Soldier's Tale) is a theatrical work "to be read, played, and danced" (lue, jouée et dansée) by three actors and one or several dancers, accompanied by a septet of instruments. The session will take place via zoom on Friday, December 18th at 8pm Amsterdam Time. So the next performance didn’t happen until 1924, in Paris. That is forbidden. If you're expecting 'classic' Pink Floyd or 'typical' Roger Waters solo music you'll be disappointed, but if you like S.F Sorrow or Betjeman's Banana Blush by Jim Parker you may find the album an interesting variant on an audiobook. Saturday, January 16, 2021 at 7:30 PM EST. The concert version also features four speaking parts, those of the Devil, the Soldier, a Princess and an unseen Reader. Later, the soldier decides to … Igor Stravinsky as drawn by Pablo Picasso, December 31, 1920. Igor Stravinsky, Roger Waters, BCMF* Igor Stravinsky, Roger Waters, BCMF* - Igor Stravinsky’s The Soldier’s Tale With New Narration Adapted And Performed By Roger Waters ‎ (2xLP, Album) Sony Classical, Music On Vinyl: 8719262008625, MOVCL050: Europe: 2018: Sell This Version Eastman Wind Ensemble – Igor Stravinsky: Octet; L’Histoire du Soldat CD, L’histoire du soldat concert suite (1919), for clarinet, violin, and piano, Review/music; Kurt Vonnegut’s reinterpretation of “L’histoire du soldat”. For his debut recording with Linn, conductor Oliver Knussen has assembled an impressive cast of contemporary composers for The Soldier's Tale: Harrison Birtwistle as the soldier and George Benjamin as the Devil, with actress Dame Harriet Walter as the narrator. May 8, 1993 Eventually dissatisfied with the bargain, the soldier plays a card game with the devil. But the devil warns the soldier never to leave the castle. The Amphion Ensemble presents The Soldier's Tale, Stravinsky's masterpiece of musical chamber theatre. The Soldier's Tale is scored for just seven instruments: clarinet, bassoon, cornet, trombone, violin, double bass and percussion. With the knowledge he gained from the book, he quickly amassed great wealth. No other American has received the death penalty for desertion since the Civil War. As the work opens, Joseph, a Russian soldier, marches toward his hometown on leave, pack in tow. Valse; 3. Full staging, 1926, Newcastle upon Tyne, conducted by Edward Clark. 1924: Frankfurt, and Wiesbaden (conducted by Otto Klemperer), Ballet version: New York City Opera, New York State Theater, Lincoln Center: 1978: Directed by Frank Corsaro and Gardner Compton (who also choreographed), conducted by Imre Palló. Review/music; Kurt Vonnegut’s reinterpretation of “L’histoire du soldat” / Allan Kozinn, New York Times. First he takes out his lucky St. Joseph medallion, then a mirror, then a photograph of his girlfriend. Four years into the war, Stravinsky conceived the idea of a small theatrical troupe that could visit Swiss villages. Finally, he finds what he was searching for: his fiddle. Based on a Russian folk tale, Stravinsky’s The Soldier’s Tale weaves music, dance and the written word to enthrall the viewer. ], Balletmaster Peter Martins created the Suite from L'Histoire du Soldat for New York City Ballet. Igor Stravinsky's The Soldier's Tale is a solo work by English rock musician Roger Waters, … The British conductor Edward Clark was a friend and champion of Stravinsky and a former assistant conductor to Ansermet at the Ballets Russes. Performances later in the year in Berlin and Frankfurt were more successful. So instead of a fantasy about human propensity to fall for the devil’s wiles, Vonnegut told the story of a real person. Zur, Menachem. Tango; 2. Histoire du soldat, la France dans le rétroviseur de Stravinski". Then the international flu epidemic rolled through Switzerland. After three days pass, the devil takes Joseph home. Reinhart played the clarinet part. For this reason, it is commonly performed with a conductor, though some ensembles have elected to perform the piece without one. No. Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky ComSE (/ s t r ə ˈ v ɪ n s k i /; Russian: Игорь Фёдорович Стравинский, IPA: [ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj]; 17 June [O.S. Il faut savoir choisir; ("Petit choral"/"Little Chorale"), The devil pops his head in and begins to torment the couple, warning them that Joseph may not leave the castle or the devil will regain control of him. Scenic and costume design by Victor Capecce; lighting design by Ken Billington. In this form, it is usually played in nine movements: Stravinsky prepared a trio for violin, clarinet, and piano as his gift to Reinhart. The devil offers to take Joseph home for three days to teach him about the book if Joseph will teach him about the fiddle. ("Danse du diable"/"The Devil's Dance") The devil cannot resist the music and begins to contort. The Soldier's Tale Composer Stravinsky, Igor: Opus/Catalogue Number Op./Cat. Drawing by Pablo Picasso in the Bibliothèque nationale de France. Joseph immediately perks up and tries to buy the fiddle from the devil. (Presented on a triple bill with La voix humaine and The Impresario. The soldier takes the princess's hand, and together they drag the devil away, then fall into each other's arms. Read texts from Igor Stravinsky's The Soldier’s Tale and join the Genius community of scholars to learn the meaning behind the words. Public domain from Wikimedia Commons, Your email address will not be published. Ramuz crafted literary French texts from them. Bailey, Kathryn. He is widely considered one of the most important and influential composers of the 20th century. ("Marche Royale"/The Royal March"). Lawrence Golan, Conductor Lori Garling, Choreographer Morgan Strathmeyer, Dancer Jack Hartman, Devil/Director Steven File, Soldier Jaci Keagy, Narrator. Das Profil der Uraufführung in Lausanne im September 1918, International Music Score Library Project, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=L%27Histoire_du_soldat&oldid=992236961, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2012, Articles with Galician-language sources (gl), Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz release group identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In 2002, Joan Sanmartí recorded a jazz arrangement version scored for a septet of. His bride, now gone soldier Jaci Keagy, Narrator that is forbidden loses all his and. 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, (Professional research for a general audience), L’histoire du soldat, or, The soldier’s tale by Igor Stravinsky. A Swiss financier and amateur clarinetist from Winterthur, Werner Reinhart, paid for the entire production. L’histoire du soldat remains one of Stravinsky’s best-loved pieces, whether performed as a drama, a concert suite, or a trio. The music is scored for a septet of violin, double bass, clarinet, bassoon, cornet (often played on trumpet), trombone, and percussion, and the story is told by three actors: the soldier, the devil, and a narrator, who also takes on the roles of minor characters. He deliberately loses all his money and wins back his fiddle. You have no right to share He replaces a credulous and clueless soldier with Eddie Slovik, podrtrayed as a wisecracking cynic. Stravinsky provided literal French translations of Russian texts. L'Histoire du soldat (The Soldier's Tale) is a theatrical work "to be read, played, and danced" (lue, jouée et dansée) by three actors and one or several dancers, accompanied by a septet of instruments. Butler Dance, Music and Theatre present the world premiere of a new staging of Stravinsky's The Soldier's Tale. The libretto relates the parable of a soldier who trades his fiddle to the devil in return for unlimited economic gain. The premiere was at the New York State Theater, Lincoln Center on 30 January 1981 with the original cast consisting of Darci Kistler, Kyra Nichols, Ib Andersen, Heather Watts, Jean-Pierre Frohlich, Victor Castelli, Bart Cook, and Daniel Duell. The princess is miraculously resurrected by the music, and begins to dance. Later, the soldier decides to go visit his mother. His landlord, the young Swiss conductor Ernest Ansermet, introduced him to Swiss author Charles-Ferdinand Ramuz. Stravinsky portrait. Three performances there went badly. Musicians, actors, and stage hands all came down with it. Quarter Note = 52" and more. Deux, c'est comme s'ils n'existaient plus. Für den Theatertext benutzte Ramuz zwei Geschichten aus einer Sammlung russischer Märchen von Alexander Afanassjew. According to the musicologist Danick Trottier, these influences are linked to a certain extent to Stravinsky’s experiences and first successes in the cosmopolitan Paris of the early 1910s since the capital of France was a confluence point for a variety of artists and musicians during La Belle Époque.[10]. C'est défendu. He had to write on a small scale. Conceived by Igor Stravinsky and Swiss writer C. F. Ramuz, the piece was based on a Russian folk tale drawn from the collection of Alexander Afanasyev called The Runaway Soldier and the Devil. The devil sneaks up on Joseph from behind and startles him. [5][6] Reinhart continued his support of Stravinsky's work in 1919 by funding a series of concerts of his recent chamber music. He composed 11 musical numbers: Stravinsky had recently bought some jazz sheet music. In … Joseph then realizes the book contains events that happen in the future. Soldier’s tale. For accompaniment he chose seven instruments: violin, double bass, clarinet, bassoon, cornet, trombone, and percussion. Concert Suite: 1920, London, conducted by Ernest Ansermet. He deliberately loses all his money and wins back his fiddle. "The Soldier's Tale" redirects here. You must learn to choose between. [3], Stravinsky was assisted greatly in the production of the work by the Swiss philanthropist Werner Reinhart. ("Marche du soldat"/"The Soldier's March") He rests by a stream and rummages through his pack. "Tonal Ambiguities as a Constructive Force in the Language of Stravinsky". Reinhart sponsored and largely underwrote the premiere. Stream songs including "Movements for Piano and Orchestra: I. Eighth Note = 110", "Movements for Piano and Orchestra: II. For the unrelated 1988 movie, see, Stephen Walsh, "The composer, the antiquarian and the go-between: Stravinsky and the Rosenthals, Susan Halpern, "Recital Notes for January 29, 2008" from, "1918. Common soldier. Stravinsky: The Soldier's Tale. This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 05:49. Narrated version: Montreal Festivals, 1949. He takes some things out to sell to Joseph: first, a lucky medallion; next, a mirror; then, a photograph of a woman; finally, a fiddle. "La musique dans l'Histoire du soldat". Staged version: Stratford Shakespearean Festival, 1955: directed by Douglas Campbell. Vaccaro, Jean-Michel. Das Werk wurde geschrieben für eine Wanderbühne, bestehend aus einem Vorleser, zwei Schauspielern, einer Tänzerin und sieben Musikern. The original French text by Ramuz has been translated into English by Michael Flanders and Kitty Black, and into German by Hans Reinhart [de].[2]. The audience also enjoyed it. Public domain from Wikimedia Commons Except he substituted one of his favorite instruments, the bassoon, for the more authentic saxophone. He never in his life got a real feel for jazz, but he insisted that jazz had influenced how he conceived L’histoire du soldat. In Igor Stravinsky: Life and career …on Russian folk idioms, while The Soldier’s Tale (1918), a mixed-media piece using speech, mime, and dance accompanied by a seven-piece band, eclectically incorporates ragtime, tango, and other modern musical idioms in a series of highly infectious instrumental movements. L’Histoire du soldat shows how Stravinsky was able to incorporate a wide range of influences into his own musical idiom: the pasodoble in “Marche royale”/“The Royal March”; the three dances “Tango – Valse – Ragtime” played by Joseph to heal the princess; klezmer music in the instrumentation and textures; Luther’s Ein feste Burg in “Petit choral”/“Little Chorale”; Bach in “Grand choral”/“Great Chorale”. Bridgehampton Chamber Music Festival Musicians, Roger Waters (narrator) Two, is as if they had never been. ("Petit concert"/"The Little Concert") He triumphantly marches into the princess' chambers and starts to play another tune. Finally, he arrives at his fiancée's house only to see her with her husband and children. No. The popular cliché of the starving artist came too close to home for him when World War One broke out. Slovik deserted from the American army at the end of World War Two. There would be three actors (the soldier, the devil, and a narrator) and a non-speaking dancer. )[clarification needed Mozart's "Der Schauspieldirektor"? L'Histoire du soldat (The Soldier's Tale) is a theatrical work "to be read, played, and danced" (lue, jouée et dansée) by three actors and one or several dancers, accompanied by a septet of instruments. The session will take place via zoom on Friday, December 18th at 8pm Amsterdam Time. So the next performance didn’t happen until 1924, in Paris. That is forbidden. If you're expecting 'classic' Pink Floyd or 'typical' Roger Waters solo music you'll be disappointed, but if you like S.F Sorrow or Betjeman's Banana Blush by Jim Parker you may find the album an interesting variant on an audiobook. Saturday, January 16, 2021 at 7:30 PM EST. The concert version also features four speaking parts, those of the Devil, the Soldier, a Princess and an unseen Reader. Later, the soldier decides to … Igor Stravinsky as drawn by Pablo Picasso, December 31, 1920. Igor Stravinsky, Roger Waters, BCMF* Igor Stravinsky, Roger Waters, BCMF* - Igor Stravinsky’s The Soldier’s Tale With New Narration Adapted And Performed By Roger Waters ‎ (2xLP, Album) Sony Classical, Music On Vinyl: 8719262008625, MOVCL050: Europe: 2018: Sell This Version Eastman Wind Ensemble – Igor Stravinsky: Octet; L’Histoire du Soldat CD, L’histoire du soldat concert suite (1919), for clarinet, violin, and piano, Review/music; Kurt Vonnegut’s reinterpretation of “L’histoire du soldat”. For his debut recording with Linn, conductor Oliver Knussen has assembled an impressive cast of contemporary composers for The Soldier's Tale: Harrison Birtwistle as the soldier and George Benjamin as the Devil, with actress Dame Harriet Walter as the narrator. May 8, 1993 Eventually dissatisfied with the bargain, the soldier plays a card game with the devil. But the devil warns the soldier never to leave the castle. The Amphion Ensemble presents The Soldier's Tale, Stravinsky's masterpiece of musical chamber theatre. The Soldier's Tale is scored for just seven instruments: clarinet, bassoon, cornet, trombone, violin, double bass and percussion. With the knowledge he gained from the book, he quickly amassed great wealth. No other American has received the death penalty for desertion since the Civil War. As the work opens, Joseph, a Russian soldier, marches toward his hometown on leave, pack in tow. Valse; 3. Full staging, 1926, Newcastle upon Tyne, conducted by Edward Clark. 1924: Frankfurt, and Wiesbaden (conducted by Otto Klemperer), Ballet version: New York City Opera, New York State Theater, Lincoln Center: 1978: Directed by Frank Corsaro and Gardner Compton (who also choreographed), conducted by Imre Palló. Review/music; Kurt Vonnegut’s reinterpretation of “L’histoire du soldat” / Allan Kozinn, New York Times. First he takes out his lucky St. Joseph medallion, then a mirror, then a photograph of his girlfriend. Four years into the war, Stravinsky conceived the idea of a small theatrical troupe that could visit Swiss villages. Finally, he finds what he was searching for: his fiddle. Based on a Russian folk tale, Stravinsky’s The Soldier’s Tale weaves music, dance and the written word to enthrall the viewer. ], Balletmaster Peter Martins created the Suite from L'Histoire du Soldat for New York City Ballet. Igor Stravinsky's The Soldier's Tale is a solo work by English rock musician Roger Waters, … The British conductor Edward Clark was a friend and champion of Stravinsky and a former assistant conductor to Ansermet at the Ballets Russes. Performances later in the year in Berlin and Frankfurt were more successful. So instead of a fantasy about human propensity to fall for the devil’s wiles, Vonnegut told the story of a real person. Zur, Menachem. Tango; 2. Histoire du soldat, la France dans le rétroviseur de Stravinski". Then the international flu epidemic rolled through Switzerland. After three days pass, the devil takes Joseph home. Reinhart played the clarinet part. For this reason, it is commonly performed with a conductor, though some ensembles have elected to perform the piece without one. No. Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky ComSE (/ s t r ə ˈ v ɪ n s k i /; Russian: Игорь Фёдорович Стравинский, IPA: [ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj]; 17 June [O.S. Il faut savoir choisir; ("Petit choral"/"Little Chorale"), The devil pops his head in and begins to torment the couple, warning them that Joseph may not leave the castle or the devil will regain control of him. Scenic and costume design by Victor Capecce; lighting design by Ken Billington. In this form, it is usually played in nine movements: Stravinsky prepared a trio for violin, clarinet, and piano as his gift to Reinhart. The devil offers to take Joseph home for three days to teach him about the book if Joseph will teach him about the fiddle. ("Danse du diable"/"The Devil's Dance") The devil cannot resist the music and begins to contort. The Soldier's Tale Composer Stravinsky, Igor: Opus/Catalogue Number Op./Cat. Drawing by Pablo Picasso in the Bibliothèque nationale de France. Joseph immediately perks up and tries to buy the fiddle from the devil. (Presented on a triple bill with La voix humaine and The Impresario. The soldier takes the princess's hand, and together they drag the devil away, then fall into each other's arms. Read texts from Igor Stravinsky's The Soldier’s Tale and join the Genius community of scholars to learn the meaning behind the words. Public domain from Wikimedia Commons, Your email address will not be published. Ramuz crafted literary French texts from them. Bailey, Kathryn. He is widely considered one of the most important and influential composers of the 20th century. ("Marche Royale"/The Royal March"). Lawrence Golan, Conductor Lori Garling, Choreographer Morgan Strathmeyer, Dancer Jack Hartman, Devil/Director Steven File, Soldier Jaci Keagy, Narrator. Das Profil der Uraufführung in Lausanne im September 1918, International Music Score Library Project, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=L%27Histoire_du_soldat&oldid=992236961, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2012, Articles with Galician-language sources (gl), Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz release group identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In 2002, Joan Sanmartí recorded a jazz arrangement version scored for a septet of. His bride, now gone soldier Jaci Keagy, Narrator that is forbidden loses all his and. 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the soldier's tale stravinsky analysis

The devil hands Joseph the violin, but he can no longer play: the violin makes no sound. Buy CD or download online. [11] The Martins ballet was given again May 1987[12] and revived in May 1999 when it was reviewed by Jack Anderson. The company was stranded in Lisbon, anyway. "Zur Kompositionstechnik von Igor Strawinsky: Das Petit concert aus der Histoire du soldat". Vonnegut apparently thought that a work written in war time ought to be more related to the horrors of war. The music is rife with changing time signatures. Instead, it presented an entirely new text written by Kurt Vonnegut. His dances include a tango, a waltz, and a ragtime. (Reprise: "Marche du soldat"), As Joseph walks the path towards his town, he notices something strange: everyone runs away as they see him. Finally, he realizes that three years – not three days – have passed, and that the residents of the town think he's a ghost. If all had gone according to plan, subsequent performances would have taken place in Geneva as well as various Swiss villages. Source unknown He couldn’t easily get money from his German publishers or any of his interests in Russia either. One happy thing is every happy thing: The small-scale plan that should have brought in some money during the war worked against getting other performances after the war ended. Erfahren Sie mehr über Veröffentlichungen von Stravinsky*, Vanessa Redgrave, Sting, Ian Mckellen - The Soldier's Tale - Histoire Du Soldat - Geschichte Vom Soldaten auf Discogs. Stravinsky could no longer easily go there. The devil arrives, and for the first time he is not disguised. Soon, he realizes this material wealth means nothing, and all he wants is the things he had before – the things everyone else has. Joseph sees the devil in disguise as a cattle merchant and confronts him. The Ballet Russe, his main source of commissions, had its headquarters in Paris. Stravinsky: the composer and his works / Eric Walter White (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984): 235-36, Photo credits: He was imprisoned and executed in 1945. A ce qu'on a ce qu'on avait, Listen to Stravinsky: Soldier's Tale Suite (excerpts) by Absolute Ensemble & Kristjan Järvi on Apple Music. 5 June] 1882 – 6 April 1971) was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor. The work ends with Joseph crossing the frontier post – a boundary not to be crossed – after being tempted by the ideal of both having his wife and his mother. He used pairs of high and low instruments from the string, woodwind, and brass families. Ramuz and Stravinsky collaborated on several important projects. Igor Stravinsky didn’t set out to write a masterpiece when he composed L’histoire du soldat (or The Soldier’s Tale). The final piece is "Marche triomphale du diable"/"The triumphal march of the devil" and features violin and percussion entwined in a rhythmic duel with the final measures played solely by the percussionist. When he arrives at the palace, the devil is already there disguised as a virtuoso violinist. Although the critic for the New York Times clearly disapproved of Vonnegut’s version, it has received subsequent performances in front of friendlier critics. November 11, 2014 Three further fully staged performances in London in July 1927. The work was premiered in Lausanne on 28 September 1918, conducted by Ernest Ansermet. ("Petite airs au bord du ruisseau (reprise)") Joseph hurls the violin away and tears the book up. Your email address will not be published. Stream songs including "L'histoire du soldat (The Soldier's Tale): Chorale", "L'histoire du soldat (The Soldier's Tale): Tango" and more. Find information about "marsalis stravinsky the soldiers tale" listen to "marsalis stravinsky the soldiers tale" on AllMusic "Dance; Bouncy Stravinsky Music For a Playful Conversation", "Rock Legend Roger Waters Has Adapted The Narration And Recorded Stravinsky's "The Soldier's Tale" - He Narrates The Whole This Harrowing Modern Fairy Tale Himself", Die Geschichte vom Soldaten: Strawinsky, Ramuz, Auberjonois, Ansermet. A theatrical work ‘to be read, played and danced,’ British stage & television actor Malcolm Sinclair narrates, leading listeners through the soldier’s regretful decision. The devil trades a magic book for the soldier’s fiddle, granting the soldier new wealth through his magic – but the soldier, lonely after leaving his home, soon realizes that riches do not lead to fulfillment. In gratitude, Stravinsky dedicated the work to Reinhart,[4] and gave him the original manuscript. Kavafian-Shub-Shifrin Trio program notes / Chamber Music Houston. IGOR STRAVINSKY The Soldier’s Tale. Ragtime"), Joseph and the princess embrace. Later, he told Robert Craft, “as I had never heard any of the music performed, I borrowed its rhythmic style not as played, but as written.”, His study of jazz also inspired his choice of instruments. He was living in Switzerland. He gave Ramuz a Russian story about a soldier who makes a trade with the devil: his fiddle for a magic book. On ne peut pas être à la fois Lillian Jarvis as the Princess, Marcel Marceau as the Devil, Douglas Rain as the Soldier, narrated by William Needles. The piece finally found a home in music festivals and other ad hoc performances. He gets agitated and starts looking through the book for the solution, yet cannot find anything. Stravinsky invented a new style, pared down to essentials, in melody, rhythm and instrumentation. [7] These included a concert suite of five numbers from The Soldier's Tale, arranged for clarinet, violin, and piano, which was a nod to Reinhart, who was regarded as an excellent amateur clarinetist. He marches past his old hometown. ("Couplets du diable"/"The Devil's Song"). You must not seek to add This version received its first performance in November 1919 in Lausanne. Listen to Stravinsky Conducts - Movements for Piano and Orchestra, Octet & The Soldier's Tale by Igor Stravinsky on Apple Music. Conceived by Igor Stravinsky and Swiss writer C. F. Ramuz, the piece was based on a Russian folk tale drawn from the collection of Alexander Afanasyev called The Runaway Soldier and the Devil.[1]. As Joseph protects the princess from the devil, he realizes he can defeat the devil by playing his violin. Stravinsky’s The Soldier’s Tale. Four years into the war, Stravinsky conceived the idea of a small theatrical troupe that could visit Swiss villages. Rather, religion, patriotism, and romanticism are central to distracting him. Joseph leaves his home with nothing. Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site. Igor Stravinsky recorded his The Soldier's Tale Suite three times -- first in 1932, then again … The devil tries to calm Joseph by reminding him of the power of the book. He makes his way to the Palace gates. But the devil warns the soldier never to leave the castle. Sir Mark Elder CONDUCTOR Annabel Arden DIRECTOR. However, this is sometimes changed to a crescendo (especially if performing the Suite). Stravinsky took pains to de-emphasize Russianness in the music. He needed cash. Over the "Grand Choral" ("Great Chorale"), the narrator tells the moral of the story: Il ne faut pas vouloir ajouter Exhausted, he falls to the ground. He gave Ramuz a Russian story about a soldier who makes a trade with the devil: his fiddle for a magic book. On n'a pas le droit de tout avoir: Joseph does not understand the book, but the devil convinces him that it's worth more than his cheap fiddle. Joseph started off as a peddler. The devil is found waiting as Joseph turns back to find his bride, now gone. He begins to play. Eastman Wind Ensemble – Igor Stravinsky: Octet; L’Histoire du Soldat CD. Qui on est et qui on était This version comprises only five movements. As usual, you'll get an email with the link and an extra reminder on Friday. ("Trois danses"/"Three Dances" "1. The devil arrives disguised as an old female peddler. The Soldier’s Tale was first performed in Lausanne in September 1918 – the year of its composition – in what was intended as the first of a run of performances in Swiss towns, but was in fact also the last, thanks to the epidemic of Spanish flu which swept through Europe just as the war was coming to an end. Vervollständigen Sie Ihre Stravinsky*, Vanessa Redgrave, Sting, Ian Mckellen-Sammlung. A septet of LSO musicians relive the Russian folk tale of a soldier who trades his fiddle for unparalleled gain in Stravinsky’s The Soldier’s Tale. Exploring his stylistic options led Stravinsky to write several ragtime pieces, of which this one five-minute piece is the first. "The Soldiers' Tale" ... is a most intriguing listen. He takes the violin and plays. The Lausanne performance pleased Stravinsky like no other performance of any of his works. Since the whole idea was to make some money in villages, Stravinsky couldn’t write a ballet or an opera. The soldier gets the devil drunk, steals the fiddle, and uses it to cure the princess of the land; the soldier fights the devil away by playing the violin and driving him to convulsions, and he and the princess marry. The narrator tells Joseph the reason the devil controls him is because Joseph still has the devil's money, and if Joseph loses all his money to the devil in a card game, he will finally be free. ("Pastorale"). [13]. Sony: 19075872732. Then he marries a princess and prepares to live happily ever after. Performed at the Butler ArtsFest. "Melodic Structures in the Overture and Scene-Music of. The score is marked with a decrescendo to the end of the work from approximately rehearsal number 17. It doesn’t fit comfortably in the repertoire of either a ballet company, opera company, or orchestra. A full performance of L'Histoire du soldat takes about an hour. What you are with what you were. The Soldier’s Tale is a sardonic delight and one of Stravinsky’s most popular pieces, but it is most often heard as a concert suite rather than as originally conceived: a hybrid of action, spoken word and music. Only by experiencing the work whole can we get its full moral punch. First off, I thought I had a faulty CD as it took three times to load; but it now plays OK. After the devil describes the life of luxury he lives, Joseph accepts. The libretto relates the parable of a soldier who trades his fiddle to the devil in return for unlimited economic gain. In this form, the music becomes character sketches of the principal characters rather than accompaniment to a narrative. ("Marche du soldat (reprise)") He arrives at an inn where he hears the news that the king's daughter is sick, and whoever can raise her from her bed will be given her hand in marriage. K029 I-Catalogue Number I-Cat. Costume design by Clarence Wilson. Sources: Stravinsky gave him the score, composed his Three Pieces for Clarinet Solo for him, and made a trio version of L’histoire for him. ("Petite airs au bord du ruisseau (reprise)") He realizes the poor have nothing in terms of material wealth, yet they have it all when it comes to happiness. The Swiss government ordered the closing of every public performance venue. The plan works: the devil falls, and Joseph is free. View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the 1955 Vinyl release of The Soldier's Tale on Discogs. [8] The suite was first performed on 8 November 1919, in Lausanne, long before the better-known suite for the seven original performers became known.[9]. this week's mini-masterclass will be focused on the Soldier's march from Stravinsky's The Soldier's Tale. Then he marries a princess and prepares to live happily ever after. A dancer plays the non-speaking role of the princess, and there may also be additional ensemble dancers. Even with so few performers and the extreme simplicity of presentation, Stravinsky had no money to finance the performance. To what you have, what you once had; As a theatre piece, it is one of Stravinsky’s great hybrid conceptions: ‘Soldier’s Tale – read, played and … No one can have it all, Lausanne, Switzerland, 28 September 1918, conducted by Ernest Ansermet. ("Petit airs au bord du ruisseau"/"Airs by a Stream") The devil appears disguised as an old man carrying a butterfly net, but Joseph does not notice him and continues to play. Marti, Christoph. He took Stravinsky to task for setting words that had so little to do with the carnage taking place all around him. And finds himself again in thrall to the devil. L’histoire du soldat concert suite (1919), for clarinet, violin, and piano / Joseph Way, Sierra Chamber Society Program Notes The Soldier's Tale is a theatrical work ""to be read, played, and danced"" by three actors (the soldier, the devil, and a narrator) and dancers, accompanied by a septet of instruments. Eventually dissatisfied with the bargain, the soldier plays a card game with the devil. He conducted the British premiere of L'Histoire du soldat in 1926 in Newcastle upon Tyne, and gave three further fully staged performances in London in July 1927. The soldier in the poem is considering his own death but is neither horrified nor regretful. More on that later. Promising to be a highlight of the Hallé’s Winter Season, Sir Mark Elder conducts a staged performance of Stravinsky’s 1918 masterpiece The Soldier’s Tale, directed by Olivier Award winner Annabel Arden, who is celebrated internationally for her insightful operatic productions. The Soldier’s Tale After the success of his ‘Russian’ works like The Rite of Spring and Petrushka Stravinsky reached something of an impasse in around 1918, which he would break by developing his neo-classical style in works like Pulcinella. From the beginning, Ramuz and Stravinsky agreed that the music should be playable on its own as a concert suite, without the actors or dancer. Lesen Sie Rezensionen und Empfehlungen und informieren Sie sich über Tracklisten, beteiligte Personen und Weiteres. John Lankston and the New York City Opera Dancers completed the cast. More than 20 years after Stravinsky’s death, the New York Philharmonic Chamber Ensemble performed Stravinsky’s music, but not Ramuz’ story. Barry Bostwick played the title role, and the Princess was portrayed by Mercedes Ellington. Joseph turns over some cards and gets an air of confidence when they are all hearts. JAVASCRIPT IS DISABLED. Suddenly, the devil makes his presence known, clutching the violin to his chest, and taunts Joseph. “The Soldier’s Tale” by Igor Stravinsky Presented by The Amphion Ensemble Sun, 23 Feb 2020, 2:00 PM EST (Pre-concert talk with the conductor at 1:30 p.m.) L.R. The devil asks Joseph to sell him his fiddle, and when Joseph refuses, he offers him a book that he says contains untold wealth. Stravinsky: The Soldier's Tale (Histoire du Soldat) (Complete) "Bitte wiederholen" Preis Neu ab Gebraucht ab MP3-Download, 14. Der Text wird teils in Gedichtform vom Vorleser zusammen mit der Musik rhythmisch deklamiert, teils vom Vorleser und den Schauspielern (Soldat, Teufel) als Drama gesprochen (wobei der Vorleser meist noch in Reimen und der Teufel nur im … Un bonheur est tout le bonheur; For that purpose, the piece utterly failed. Required fields are marked *, HTML tags allowed in your comment:

, (Professional research for a general audience), L’histoire du soldat, or, The soldier’s tale by Igor Stravinsky. A Swiss financier and amateur clarinetist from Winterthur, Werner Reinhart, paid for the entire production. L’histoire du soldat remains one of Stravinsky’s best-loved pieces, whether performed as a drama, a concert suite, or a trio. The music is scored for a septet of violin, double bass, clarinet, bassoon, cornet (often played on trumpet), trombone, and percussion, and the story is told by three actors: the soldier, the devil, and a narrator, who also takes on the roles of minor characters. He deliberately loses all his money and wins back his fiddle. You have no right to share He replaces a credulous and clueless soldier with Eddie Slovik, podrtrayed as a wisecracking cynic. Stravinsky provided literal French translations of Russian texts. L'Histoire du soldat (The Soldier's Tale) is a theatrical work "to be read, played, and danced" (lue, jouée et dansée) by three actors and one or several dancers, accompanied by a septet of instruments. Butler Dance, Music and Theatre present the world premiere of a new staging of Stravinsky's The Soldier's Tale. The libretto relates the parable of a soldier who trades his fiddle to the devil in return for unlimited economic gain. The premiere was at the New York State Theater, Lincoln Center on 30 January 1981 with the original cast consisting of Darci Kistler, Kyra Nichols, Ib Andersen, Heather Watts, Jean-Pierre Frohlich, Victor Castelli, Bart Cook, and Daniel Duell. The princess is miraculously resurrected by the music, and begins to dance. Later, the soldier decides to go visit his mother. His landlord, the young Swiss conductor Ernest Ansermet, introduced him to Swiss author Charles-Ferdinand Ramuz. Stravinsky portrait. Three performances there went badly. Musicians, actors, and stage hands all came down with it. Quarter Note = 52" and more. Deux, c'est comme s'ils n'existaient plus. Für den Theatertext benutzte Ramuz zwei Geschichten aus einer Sammlung russischer Märchen von Alexander Afanassjew. According to the musicologist Danick Trottier, these influences are linked to a certain extent to Stravinsky’s experiences and first successes in the cosmopolitan Paris of the early 1910s since the capital of France was a confluence point for a variety of artists and musicians during La Belle Époque.[10]. C'est défendu. He had to write on a small scale. Conceived by Igor Stravinsky and Swiss writer C. F. Ramuz, the piece was based on a Russian folk tale drawn from the collection of Alexander Afanasyev called The Runaway Soldier and the Devil. The devil sneaks up on Joseph from behind and startles him. [5][6] Reinhart continued his support of Stravinsky's work in 1919 by funding a series of concerts of his recent chamber music. He composed 11 musical numbers: Stravinsky had recently bought some jazz sheet music. In … Joseph then realizes the book contains events that happen in the future. Soldier’s tale. For accompaniment he chose seven instruments: violin, double bass, clarinet, bassoon, cornet, trombone, and percussion. Concert Suite: 1920, London, conducted by Ernest Ansermet. He deliberately loses all his money and wins back his fiddle. "The Soldier's Tale" redirects here. You must learn to choose between. [3], Stravinsky was assisted greatly in the production of the work by the Swiss philanthropist Werner Reinhart. ("Marche du soldat"/"The Soldier's March") He rests by a stream and rummages through his pack. "Tonal Ambiguities as a Constructive Force in the Language of Stravinsky". Reinhart sponsored and largely underwrote the premiere. Stream songs including "Movements for Piano and Orchestra: I. Eighth Note = 110", "Movements for Piano and Orchestra: II. For the unrelated 1988 movie, see, Stephen Walsh, "The composer, the antiquarian and the go-between: Stravinsky and the Rosenthals, Susan Halpern, "Recital Notes for January 29, 2008" from, "1918. Common soldier. Stravinsky: The Soldier's Tale. This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 05:49. Narrated version: Montreal Festivals, 1949. He takes some things out to sell to Joseph: first, a lucky medallion; next, a mirror; then, a photograph of a woman; finally, a fiddle. "La musique dans l'Histoire du soldat". Staged version: Stratford Shakespearean Festival, 1955: directed by Douglas Campbell. Vaccaro, Jean-Michel. Das Werk wurde geschrieben für eine Wanderbühne, bestehend aus einem Vorleser, zwei Schauspielern, einer Tänzerin und sieben Musikern. The original French text by Ramuz has been translated into English by Michael Flanders and Kitty Black, and into German by Hans Reinhart [de].[2]. The audience also enjoyed it. Public domain from Wikimedia Commons Except he substituted one of his favorite instruments, the bassoon, for the more authentic saxophone. He never in his life got a real feel for jazz, but he insisted that jazz had influenced how he conceived L’histoire du soldat. In Igor Stravinsky: Life and career …on Russian folk idioms, while The Soldier’s Tale (1918), a mixed-media piece using speech, mime, and dance accompanied by a seven-piece band, eclectically incorporates ragtime, tango, and other modern musical idioms in a series of highly infectious instrumental movements. L’Histoire du soldat shows how Stravinsky was able to incorporate a wide range of influences into his own musical idiom: the pasodoble in “Marche royale”/“The Royal March”; the three dances “Tango – Valse – Ragtime” played by Joseph to heal the princess; klezmer music in the instrumentation and textures; Luther’s Ein feste Burg in “Petit choral”/“Little Chorale”; Bach in “Grand choral”/“Great Chorale”. Bridgehampton Chamber Music Festival Musicians, Roger Waters (narrator) Two, is as if they had never been. ("Petit concert"/"The Little Concert") He triumphantly marches into the princess' chambers and starts to play another tune. Finally, he arrives at his fiancée's house only to see her with her husband and children. No. The popular cliché of the starving artist came too close to home for him when World War One broke out. Slovik deserted from the American army at the end of World War Two. There would be three actors (the soldier, the devil, and a narrator) and a non-speaking dancer. )[clarification needed Mozart's "Der Schauspieldirektor"? L'Histoire du soldat (The Soldier's Tale) is a theatrical work "to be read, played, and danced" (lue, jouée et dansée) by three actors and one or several dancers, accompanied by a septet of instruments. The session will take place via zoom on Friday, December 18th at 8pm Amsterdam Time. So the next performance didn’t happen until 1924, in Paris. That is forbidden. If you're expecting 'classic' Pink Floyd or 'typical' Roger Waters solo music you'll be disappointed, but if you like S.F Sorrow or Betjeman's Banana Blush by Jim Parker you may find the album an interesting variant on an audiobook. Saturday, January 16, 2021 at 7:30 PM EST. The concert version also features four speaking parts, those of the Devil, the Soldier, a Princess and an unseen Reader. Later, the soldier decides to … Igor Stravinsky as drawn by Pablo Picasso, December 31, 1920. Igor Stravinsky, Roger Waters, BCMF* Igor Stravinsky, Roger Waters, BCMF* - Igor Stravinsky’s The Soldier’s Tale With New Narration Adapted And Performed By Roger Waters ‎ (2xLP, Album) Sony Classical, Music On Vinyl: 8719262008625, MOVCL050: Europe: 2018: Sell This Version Eastman Wind Ensemble – Igor Stravinsky: Octet; L’Histoire du Soldat CD, L’histoire du soldat concert suite (1919), for clarinet, violin, and piano, Review/music; Kurt Vonnegut’s reinterpretation of “L’histoire du soldat”. For his debut recording with Linn, conductor Oliver Knussen has assembled an impressive cast of contemporary composers for The Soldier's Tale: Harrison Birtwistle as the soldier and George Benjamin as the Devil, with actress Dame Harriet Walter as the narrator. May 8, 1993 Eventually dissatisfied with the bargain, the soldier plays a card game with the devil. But the devil warns the soldier never to leave the castle. The Amphion Ensemble presents The Soldier's Tale, Stravinsky's masterpiece of musical chamber theatre. The Soldier's Tale is scored for just seven instruments: clarinet, bassoon, cornet, trombone, violin, double bass and percussion. With the knowledge he gained from the book, he quickly amassed great wealth. No other American has received the death penalty for desertion since the Civil War. As the work opens, Joseph, a Russian soldier, marches toward his hometown on leave, pack in tow. Valse; 3. Full staging, 1926, Newcastle upon Tyne, conducted by Edward Clark. 1924: Frankfurt, and Wiesbaden (conducted by Otto Klemperer), Ballet version: New York City Opera, New York State Theater, Lincoln Center: 1978: Directed by Frank Corsaro and Gardner Compton (who also choreographed), conducted by Imre Palló. Review/music; Kurt Vonnegut’s reinterpretation of “L’histoire du soldat” / Allan Kozinn, New York Times. First he takes out his lucky St. Joseph medallion, then a mirror, then a photograph of his girlfriend. Four years into the war, Stravinsky conceived the idea of a small theatrical troupe that could visit Swiss villages. Finally, he finds what he was searching for: his fiddle. Based on a Russian folk tale, Stravinsky’s The Soldier’s Tale weaves music, dance and the written word to enthrall the viewer. ], Balletmaster Peter Martins created the Suite from L'Histoire du Soldat for New York City Ballet. Igor Stravinsky's The Soldier's Tale is a solo work by English rock musician Roger Waters, … The British conductor Edward Clark was a friend and champion of Stravinsky and a former assistant conductor to Ansermet at the Ballets Russes. Performances later in the year in Berlin and Frankfurt were more successful. So instead of a fantasy about human propensity to fall for the devil’s wiles, Vonnegut told the story of a real person. Zur, Menachem. Tango; 2. Histoire du soldat, la France dans le rétroviseur de Stravinski". Then the international flu epidemic rolled through Switzerland. After three days pass, the devil takes Joseph home. Reinhart played the clarinet part. For this reason, it is commonly performed with a conductor, though some ensembles have elected to perform the piece without one. No. Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky ComSE (/ s t r ə ˈ v ɪ n s k i /; Russian: Игорь Фёдорович Стравинский, IPA: [ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj]; 17 June [O.S. Il faut savoir choisir; ("Petit choral"/"Little Chorale"), The devil pops his head in and begins to torment the couple, warning them that Joseph may not leave the castle or the devil will regain control of him. Scenic and costume design by Victor Capecce; lighting design by Ken Billington. In this form, it is usually played in nine movements: Stravinsky prepared a trio for violin, clarinet, and piano as his gift to Reinhart. The devil offers to take Joseph home for three days to teach him about the book if Joseph will teach him about the fiddle. ("Danse du diable"/"The Devil's Dance") The devil cannot resist the music and begins to contort. The Soldier's Tale Composer Stravinsky, Igor: Opus/Catalogue Number Op./Cat. Drawing by Pablo Picasso in the Bibliothèque nationale de France. Joseph immediately perks up and tries to buy the fiddle from the devil. (Presented on a triple bill with La voix humaine and The Impresario. The soldier takes the princess's hand, and together they drag the devil away, then fall into each other's arms. Read texts from Igor Stravinsky's The Soldier’s Tale and join the Genius community of scholars to learn the meaning behind the words. Public domain from Wikimedia Commons, Your email address will not be published. Ramuz crafted literary French texts from them. Bailey, Kathryn. He is widely considered one of the most important and influential composers of the 20th century. ("Marche Royale"/The Royal March"). Lawrence Golan, Conductor Lori Garling, Choreographer Morgan Strathmeyer, Dancer Jack Hartman, Devil/Director Steven File, Soldier Jaci Keagy, Narrator. Das Profil der Uraufführung in Lausanne im September 1918, International Music Score Library Project, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=L%27Histoire_du_soldat&oldid=992236961, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2012, Articles with Galician-language sources (gl), Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz release group identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In 2002, Joan Sanmartí recorded a jazz arrangement version scored for a septet of. His bride, now gone soldier Jaci Keagy, Narrator that is forbidden loses all his and. 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