The name of the day itself is derived from the Greek word "pentecoste," meaning 50th. Mary most likely lived out her remaining years in John’s home, according to John 19:27. Violeta Dinescu composed Pfingstoratorium, an oratorio for Pentecost for five soloists, mixed chorus and small orchestra in 1993. The shops were closed. Orthodox churches are often decorated with greenery and flowers on this feast day, and the celebration is intentionally similar to the Jewish holiday of Shavuot, which celebrates the giving of the Mosaic Law. Traditionally, the Church prays the Novena to the Holy Spirit in the days before Pentecost. From the Passover. This is study Acts003 (1:12-26) The Upper Room Before Pentecost. Acts 1:13-16, “When they had entered the city, they went up to the upper room where they were staying; that is, Peter and John and James and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon the Zealot, and Judas the son of James. , In Ukraine the springtime feast day of Zeleni Sviata became associated with the Pentecost. The term Pentecost appears in the Septuagint as one of names for the Festival of Weeks. Similarly among Roman Catholics, special Pentecost novenas are prayed. While the Eve of Pentecost was traditionally a day of fasting for Catholics, contemporary canon law no longer requires it. Red flowers at the altar/preaching area, and red flowering plants such as geraniums around the church are also typical decorations for Pentecost masses/services. , From the early days of Western Christianity, Pentecost became one of the days set aside to celebrate Baptism. Pentecost was a holiday. Suddenly, a terrific wind came from heaven and filled the place: On the day of Pentecost all the believers were meeting together in one place. The Christian holiday of Pentecost, which is celebrated the 50th day (the seventh Sunday) from Easter Sunday, commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and other followers of Jesus Christ while they were in Jerusalem celebrating the Feast of Weeks, as described in the Acts of the Apostles (Acts 2:1–31). ), The narrative in Acts evokes the symbolism of Jesus' baptism in the Jordan River, and the start of his ministry, by explicitly connecting the earlier prophecy of John the Baptist to the baptism of the disciples with the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost. Though some[who?] The first community is the prelude to the birth of the Church; the Blessed Virgin’s presence helps to sketch her definitive features, a fruit of the gift of Pentecost. In particular the hoi epidemountes (οἱ ἐπιδημοῦντες) are identified as "visitors" to Jerusalem from Rome. .  In Exodus 34:22 it is called the "firstfruits of the wheat harvest. Several hymns were written and composed for Pentecost, notably Veni Creator Spiritus (Come, Creator Spirit), attributed to the 9th-century Rabanus Maurus, and translated throughout the centuries in different languages. We can see that Mary was in the upper room among the 120 before Pentecost.  By this time, some Jews were already living in Diaspora. Pentecost is one of the Great Feasts of the Eastern Orthodox Church, a Solemnity in the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church, a Festival in the Lutheran Churches, and a Principal Feast in the Anglican Communion. Acts 2:41 then reports: "Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls. Pentecost Monday is a public holiday in many countries including Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Benin, Cyprus, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Romania (since 2008), Senegal, (most parts of) Switzerland, Togo and Ukraine. Moreover, according to the same Luke, "they were all filled with the Holy Spirit" in the upper room in Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:4). Is it okay to take communion at home outside the church? About one hundred and twenty followers of Christ (Acts 1:15) were present, including the Twelve Apostles (Matthias was Judas' replacement) (Acts 1:13, 26), Jesus' mother Mary, other female disciples and his brothers (Acts 1:14). Is it true and is it biblical? The first day is known as "Trinity Sunday"; the second day is known as "Spirit Monday" (or "Monday of the Holy Spirit"); and the third day, Tuesday, is called the "Third Day of the Trinity. "Whitsunday" has been the name of the day in the Church of England. The day of Pentecost is seven weeks after Easter Sunday: that is to say, the fiftieth day after Easter inclusive of Easter Sunday. The Roman Catholic and the Orthodox Church recognize to the Mother of God a special form of veneration called with the Greek word hyperdulia.  The list of nations represented in the biblical text includes Parthians, Medes, Elamites, Mesopotamia, Judaea,[iii] Cappadocia, Pontus, Asia, Phrygia, Pamphylia, Egypt, Cyrene, and those who were visiting from Rome. Hymns such as Martin Luther's "Komm, Heiliger Geist, Herre Gott" (Come, Holy Spirit, God and Lord), Charles Wesley's "Spirit of Faith Come Down" and "Come Holy Ghost Our Hearts Inspire" or Hildegard von Bingen's "O Holy Spirit Root of Life" are popular. . Pentecost means “the 50th day.” Fiftieth day from what? Birch is the tree most typically associated with this practice in Europe, but other species are employed in different climates. , The Acts narrative of the Pentecost includes numerous references to earlier biblical narratives like the Tower of Babel, and the flood and creation narratives from the Book of Genesis. Again, there were many iconic depictions of the Virgin and Child. These flowers often play an important role in the ancestral rites, and other rites, of the particular congregation. "And when the day of Pentecost was now come," shows there was a period of time before the day of Pentecost. There is significant disagreement amongst modern scholars about the interpretation of "Judea" in Acts 2:9. (Remember, Mary was living with John’s parents.) think that name derives from white clothes worn by newly baptised in Eastertide, it may well be seen as derived from "wit", hence "wisdom", the reference being to Holy Wisdom (Sancta Sophia, Hagia Sophia), referred to in Proverbs and the Book of Wisdom, with which the Holy Spirit has often been identified. From this, we could then infer that Mary was in the upper room on both occasions. But, this cannot be definitively known since Acts 2:2 says they were in a house. Theologically, Orthodox do not consider Pentecost to be the "birthday" of the Church; they see the Church as having existed before the creation of the world (cf. Later, the next day I toured the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Sofia. This small group, alive in Christ, is living by the means with which they will continue to share Christ’s life, devoted to prayer. 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